Despite regular washing and contact with bacteria-laden objects, our personal milieu of skin microbes remains highly stable over time, reports a metagenomics study published May 5 inÂ Cell. The authors say this knowledge could be applied to better understand a wide range of human skin disorders through the development of prebiotic, probiotic, and microbial transplantation approaches.
Human skin is an ecosystem composed of a wide range of habitats for bacteria, fungi, and viruses. While most of these microbes are harmless or beneficial, some have been linked to skin disorders such as acne, psoriasis, and eczema. Studying the variability of microbial communities across skin sites has been key to understanding, for instance, why eczema tends to affect moist sites such as the bends of the arms and legs, while psoriasis commonly occurs on dry, exposed sites such as the elbows and knees. However, it has not been clear how microbial communities found across skin sites change over time and how these changes may affect human health.
In a recent metagenomic study, senior study authors Heidi Kong of the National Cancer Institute and Julie Segre of the National Human Genome Research Institute found that bacterial, fungal, and viral communities not only show a strong preference for inhabiting specific skin sites, but also serve as microbial fingerprints that are highly unique to individuals. In the new study, they expanded upon this work by examining the longitudinal stability of these skin microbial communities. The researchers took skin samples from 12 healthy individuals at three successive time points, spanning from 1 month to 2 years, and performed metagenomic shotgun sequencing across 17 skin sites.
Surprisingly, skin microbial communities remained highly stable over time, despite typical exposure to external perturbations such as routine contact with other individuals, clothing, and environments. Rather than acquiring prevalent microbes from the environment, individuals retained their own unique microbial signatures. However, the stability of skin microbial communities varied across individuals and microbial strains, with some showing more changes than others.
In addition, some skin sites contained more variable microbial communities than others. For example, oily skin sites such as the back and external auditory canal contained the most stable bacterial and fungal communities, and even highly exposed, dry sites such as the palm showed remarkable stability over time. By contrast, sites with high microbial diversity, such as the feet and moist sites, were the least stable over time, perhaps due to factors such as personal hygiene or exposure to more variable environments.
One limitation of the study is that it focused on a small number of healthy adults. In future studies, Kong and Segre plan to use what they’ve learned about healthy skin microbes to study patients with eczema and primary immune deficiencies. “Future studies can use the knowledge of the relative stability of the skin microbial communities in healthy adults to understand how various exposures or disease state may alter these skin microbes,” Segre says. “For example, studies in acne patients could explore whether specific strains bloom during adolescent acne flares or change with medications such as antibiotics.”
This work was primarily supported by NHGRI and NCI Intramural Research Programs and a Chanel/CE.R.I.E.S. research award.
Cell, Oh and Byrd et al.: “Temporal Stability of the Human Skin Microbiome”http://www.cell.com/cell/fulltext/S0092-8674(16)30399-3
Related: vKDX, iTsHgr, BuTzxM, hKyS, VXPBvK, fbjbb, XKE, SNjh, uBB, BmhHMP, oFHTq, eUl, qrQ, gXWn, IQoGBx,Related: 3932 michigan drive plano, tx 75025, jill marie jones husband bradford sharp, why am i so tired today astrology, russell allen phillips family, bexar county vital records, marriage, can the spouse of a felon own a gun in arizona, walking with dinosaurs the isle discord, jerome grand hotel ghost tours, shooting in titusville, fl today, music festivals 2022 scotland, delta dental of michigan ceo salary, what happened to brittany on the jeff kuhner show, north houston zip code map, danielle marie gibson death, balboa international market weekly ad,Related: wels pastor resigns, actor ken scott cause of death, 4 x 6 dry erase board, magnetic, noz2noz replacement cover, cloud intelligence smart plug setup, majestic theater bag policy, covington, kentucky weather 15 day, huber funeral home tell city obituaries, who are the parents of chaunte wayans, naruto to boruto: shinobi striker server status, john mara jr engaged, best happy hours in tulsa, ok, woodforest atm check deposit availability, allegheny county voting district map, bst hyde park capacity 2022,Related: clicker heroes hacked unblocked games, butler county, ks jail inmate search, university of iowa graduation 2022, caesar creek trail map, harris teeter order ahead, pompano beach mugshots, guess the soccer player wordle, is janette scott still alive, allegria village careers, humboldt tn mugshots, psychiatrists that take wellcare, miller plumbing and heating francestown, nh, johnny newman obituary, katie turner bryan ferry, houses for rent rensselaer county, ny,Related: allan licorice laces canada, chatham, ma building setbacks, how many languages does xi jinping speak, continental 4 cylinder forklift engine specs, tarkov xp chart, why does my cigarette taste sweet, can you reuse lag bolts, 22, taekwon pug ford death, horner’s syndrome in cats after ear cleaning, 7 themes of araling panlipunan, harry joseph letterman now, victoria barracks medical centre windsor, maricopa county superior court exhibit submission, difference between holding a grudge and not forgetting,Related: dr ruotolo total orthopedics, sheila rauch kennedy obituary, olean police scanner, jeff fenech parents, tolstoy is the tolstoy of the zulus explained, birmingham midshires redemption statement solicitor, cary town council candidates, examples of good attitudes in the bible, homes for rent in union county, nc, chicken george mal meninga, rising appalachia cultural appropriation, has thich nhat hanh passed away, metaphors about overcoming obstacles, line of sight insurance law texas, used revel rascal for sale,Related: you don t appear to have an active azure subscription devops, what to wear when getting an ankle tattoo, owner financed homes in enid oklahoma, ireland universities with no application fee, can you have chickens in pawtucket ri, liquid liquid extraction unit, tndar members only website, jenkins pipeline print exception stack trace, council land for sale $15,000, black owned winery in richmond, tx, bakersfield college volleyball schedule, most selfish celebrities, noonan family manchester, gilbert police incidents, cheryl burton clothes,Related: helensvale station parking, boxing state championship, geico email address format, west york area school district pay scale, forest kindergarten edinburgh, san bernardino impounded vehicle, united states capitol police officers, washington state high school baseball player rankings 2022, st mary’s stadium seating plan the killers, northern twin cities basketball league, “manuscript under editorial consideration” nature, wreck in franklin county, va today, susan cummings measurements, occidental basketball coach, iupui summer classes 2022,Related: rat tail radish recipes, elizabeth jamieson rouse, nhs emergency dentist pontypridd, what instrument should i play quiz, mlb all star voting 2021 results, pitch perfect 2 das sound machine beatboxer, how much did a walkman cost in 1985, will my bus pass be renewed automatically, 1969 d dime value, new mexico noise ordinance laws, michael psilakis wife, ascension st vincent patient portal florida, valle vista methadone clinic, what victorious character are you based on your zodiac, matthew greene nazareth pa,Related: soulcycle instructors boston, katie castro abc news philadelphia, stepney cemetery shooting, panola county jail records odyssey, blowing rock, nc new construction, leslie edelman, kimber, york crematorium funerals this week, 311th special operations intelligence squadron, rhona cameron find it, fix it, flog it, nestle pure life water ingredients, gini perham photo, ukraine size compared to us state, how did father blackwood escape batibat, leo man and gemini woman long distance relationship, bronx high school of science in memoriam,Related: chicago political reporters, gorge amphitheatre reserved lawn, sutter middle school honor roll, clovis high baseball coach, did post malone die, dorothy rick barry scheck, who wins the duel between aya and elijah, saddle on the atom bomb antemasque, emergency medical information samsung s21, royal caribbean luggage drop off, lawrence jones harlan county wife, customize class code in google classroom, soul train dance move names, petunia medicinal uses, where do the sister wives live now 2022,Related: john burkett obituary, steve hansen ex wife, did jamal bishop die in for life, wnba players married to each other, larkin family medicine residency, michael kenneally houston, pisces and leo compatibility percentage, california foster care rates 2021, aurora place @ bukit jalil directory, capital city club brookhaven menu, edge fitness cancellation, dale county tag office pinckard, american society of transplantation conference 2022, what happens when a dasa report is filed, operation finale hanna pregnant,Related: do speed camera tickets go on your record in iowa, sacar permiso de carro en nuevo laredo, the aficionado’s sliding door 1,044 cd 468 dvd library, decision making matrix cpi, gmod military rp maps, foreclosed homes for sale in st george utah, smelling upper lip habit, ambuluwawa tower death, owen funeral home sapulpa, ok, owen funeral home sapulpa, ok, common man dan cole salary, otis wilson daughter danyele, single family homes for rent in green bay, wi, npc dallas europa 2021 results, fate therapeutics buyout,Related: how to reduce gad antibodies naturally, fotos para fingir que eres tu, florida man birthday challenge, autograph dealers london, baptist neurosurgery pensacola, vw beetle replacement seats, ballislife east coast squad roster, corpus christi funeral homes obituaries, love comes softly family tree, gilchrist county mugshots, david bray obituary 2022, lidl loose leaf tea, thomas hess obituary, roselle shooting today, jeremy boreing key necklace,Related: pentecost old testament vs new testament, does bojangles pinto beans have pork in them, my partner makes big decisions without me, openfigi exchange codes, scottish citizenship by descent great grandparent, raw milk and bone broth fast, james spencer springette, pick up soccer walnut creek, accident on kennedy expressway today, 82nd airborne deployment schedule 2022, 2 stroke air leak symptoms, members mark clothing size chart, john michael actor, sweden size compared to us, folding brace for ruger charger,Related: providence bruins salaries, russ martin medical condition, how do headlands and bays change over time, realtree camo pro staff insulated waterproof bibs, claretians requirement, cunningham funeral home new castle, pa obituaries, christopher duntsch parents, billy campbell diana interview, navajo county arrests 2020, montammy golf club membership cost, andrew sky attorney kansas city tiktok, recruitment and selection at google case study, holy names university basketball, council houses to rent in rossendale, gerber river shorty vs nrs pilot,Related: pickens county, sc police reports, mayfield, ky man kills family, what is tmi in kpop, chesterton real estate vietnam, , how does a sagittarius break up with you, shooting in gainesville, fl today, smart jail mail visitation, stand awakening made in heaven universe reset, nora hope bob hope’s daughter, best sunrise spots in washington state, new restaurants coming to des moines, compassion international fake letters, hallar centro y radio de una circunferencia ejercicios, gregory harrison children,Related: 2005 lsu women’s basketball roster, vinessa vidotto pictures, behera surname belongs to which caste in odisha, where is kelsey anderson, katy and orlando bravo, neil diamond grandchildren, nashua patch arrests, welsh rugby squad 1975, early tommy singer hallmarks, police activity in bloomington, mn today, caudalie divine oil discontinued, mother in law suite for rent jacksonville, fl, obituary gifford florida, leo rising appearance celebrities, taylor body composition scale 5789f user manual,Related: greek ace line names, is sprite zero bad for your kidneys, how many lions were in the den with daniel, 90mm artillery shell for sale, qantas cabin crew jobs, 3 reasons why food needs to be protected from contamination, accident rochester nh today, how to make a gold crown terraria, can a rehab facility force you to leave, trousdale county, tn mugshots, a football player at practice pushes a 60 kg, commerce and industry insurance company phone number, mcfall funeral notices, what happens to grissom in chicago fire, david oyelowo children,Related: what did mark l walberg do to his teeth, daemon targaryen fanfiction, peter and philippa mitchell, piscis con que signo es compatible, craigslist property for sale, stone creek dining nutrition information, cara mia bra size chart, paul mitchell tottenham signings, alaska high school wrestling rankings, examples of anti progressives, 97th transportation company, chicken salad with cranberries, pecans, and apples, associated factories inc chicago illinois, st charles election candidates, faa airman registry address change,Related: scheie eye institute locations, apartments for rent merced, ca, aochi walking ghost famous picture, tremper high school calendar, benjamin banneker high school application, russellville, al warrants, general hospital comings and goings, luke bryan farm tour 2022 tickets, hole lotta love donuts elizabethtown ky, cream of mushroom casserole with ground beef, hotels between salt lake city and yellowstone, independent fundamental baptist preachers, dr katz northwell health, cider velvet corset cami mini dress, cheapest country clubs in pittsburgh,Related: ge profile double oven no power, megaton rainfall no cooldown mod, taino caneye house, bfp after taking vitex, rainmeter music player not working, spring break 2021 florida public schools, old town canoe float bags, penny poarch saeger, lowndes county jail visitation, dirt every day shop location, spirit airlines value chain, is profile magazine legitimate, 94f civilian jobs, underscore on spanish keyboard, fmlwl 48 840 installation,Related: unable to connect to host rembrandt warzone, are fire pits legal in allentown pa, clase azul gold tequila limited edition, texas stimulus check update, miles funeral home winfield, alabama obituaries, in whales are modified into broad paddle like flippers, wonderfold wagon w4 used, devon cajuste crystals, foxpro patriot sound list, what your favorite romance trope says about you, el paso county colorado dog barking ordinance, openshift kibana index pattern, celebrities that live in orlando 2021, bic realty listings cook, mn, how to thicken crawfish etouffee,Related: benton school district, sunland ca news, gareth pierce is he married, liza with az it was a good time, american standard champion 4 vs toto ultramax 2, donald lyles swift river, suva beauty controversy, 1 acre coconut farm income in sri lanka, walton and johnson, los angeles county delinquent property tax list, used 50 hp outboard engine for sale, todoroki funny lines, purple hammer urethane bowling ball for sale, weight loss tracker template 2020, guinea grass health benefits,Related: a notable exclusion of protected health information is quizlet, brookside residences salem, nh, thoracic outlet syndrome symptoms dizziness, telephonyutilities keychain, what zodiac sign does sagittarius hate the most, inter caste marriage line in palmistry, yellowstone dutton ranch size, gcse 2022 dates, pryzm birmingham manager, pomelo trees for sale in texas, omi in a hellcat brother killed, theme park design portfolio, svedka dragonfruit melon recipes, ge dishwasher won’t start but has power, uttam kumar wife gauri chatterjee death,Related: 2004 honda metropolitan value, american baptist association meeting 2022, boone county, wv breaking news, lois jurgens’ death, reading fluency passages, facts about sophocles, water valley, ms shooting, navy court martial results 2022, steve clem” grogan interview, cost of pool and lanai in florida, what newspapers does alden global capital own, laura campbell santa monica college, sesame donuts nutrition facts, ashley fink on mark salling death, romantic cabin getaways with hot tubs in pa,Related: soundbender net worth, hays county mugshots 2020, early settlers of north carolina, fair oak recycling centre booking, tantalum lewis dot structure, kit pvp realm codes 2021, hare method voting calculator, lake naomi dues, can you smoke on norwegian cruise ships, who would win in a fight cancer or taurus, nurse manager orientation powerpoint, berkeley engineer magazine, anadius sims 4 dlc unlocker, f1 2020 ai difficulty lap times, order has been filled, but not contracted,Related: signs a leo has a crush on you, cisco show port status up down, phil collins 2004 tour, arguments against equal pay in sports australia, did kurt cobain believe in astrology, how to remove front panel of ge stackable washer, martin et julien bouchet biathlon, bonnie kennedy doig obituary, albany medical college admissions, is there a bounty on iguanas in florida, is harvey weinstein alive, bcl oxford scholarships, ron livingston and just like that, 1990s fatal car accidents california, flight attendant voice generator,Related: yoga teacher jobs ibiza, canby, mn newspaper obituaries, ano ang pagkakatulad ng tatlong kabihasnan, self catering wedding venues glasgow, presidential volunteer service award certifying organizations in georgia, camp lejeune lawsuit 2022, prior lake school district, bobby trendy real estate, post baccalaureate clinical laboratory science programs california, wyze security system vs simplisafe, aceite de aguacate para manchas en la cara, alinea reopening menu, how to create a sorority name, debbie millman maria popova partner, tahoe lemonade strain,Related: 4th battalion border regiment ww2, adjoining condos destin, fl, brisbane river bridge clearance heights, procrastination busting toolkit, loomian legacy value list, photopea dashed line, aeroculture specialist, how long does a ctf withdrawal take natwest, nissan rogue caliper bracket torque, who makes grizzly table saws, can i use a sponge as a humidifier filter, rotisserie pork roast in air fryer, droning shakespeare definition, tony sadiku new job, ,Related: fatal motorcycle accident today in pennsylvania, brittany spanos greek, players who won aba and nba championships, shaun mcmanus wife, niterider lumina 750 flashing red while charging, python argparse check if argument exists, how many years did shaq go to college, what channel is trutv optimum, pandoro mold substitute, which statements are true of martin luther, positive human impacts on the sahara desert, did the neighbourhood sell their soul, guy carpenter risk analyst interview, lennox furnace propane conversion kit, glade 3 wick commercial 2021 actress,Related: usf basketball coach salary, radiotelex coast station, royalton travel agent rates, trending videos best pimple pop ever, anna, tx crime news, construction worker dies from fall, southampton cruise terminal covid testing, trine university football coach salary, ryan seacrest and shayna taylor engaged, emdr training san antonio, colorado springs police department officer list, craigslist chicago jobs general labor, bruised eyelid stroke, smiley face snapchat filter, heritage funeral home milwaukee,Related: which zodiac signs are womanizers, sakara life salad recipes, richard tarnas obituary, michigan to maine not through canada, applicationwillenterforeground swift 5, slc international flights, horary chart calculator, estancia at wiregrass homes for rent, gile flowage camping, hells angels oak park, sacramento, d urville martin interview, sebastian woodroffe death, what did mark l walberg do to his teeth, oregon’s most beautiful news reporter, secrets of the zoo arctic fox death,Related: tecumseh flocabulary read and respond answer key, power bi map and filled map visuals are disabled, dan friedkin house, natural criminal poem analysis, rifle scope magnification chart, mabel bell and florence lang, west texas warbirds roster, wishaw general hospital consultants, caliber home loans payoff request, funny easter speeches, mercury in sagittarius 2021 saturn fading, how to add weapons to deluxo, what happened to dr jeff’s first wife, boddie street outlaws net worth, ,